Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Climate Change And Depletion Of Natural Resources

The growing concern of climate change and depletion of natural resources has meant an increase in popularity of the term ‘sustainable development’. With this growing popularity there has also been a rise in conflicting opinions on what sustainable development means and whether it is attainable, as even after the release of the Brundtland report which offered a definition of sustainable development there were still criticisms for it suggesting that ‘economic growth, industrial modernization and market imperatives should be key drivers and goals for all nations.’ (John Blewitt 2015) Thus taking away focus on environmental and social sustainability. Focusing on renewable energy in North America and their efforts to tackle climate change it can be argued that what their governments and multinational corporations have done are just in the interest of economic growth rather than sustainable development, particularly in the way that the United States refused to rat ify the Kyoto Protocol. Describe the origins of the concept Sustainable Development is an ambiguous concept as individuals, governments and environmentalists have different opinions on what true sustainability really is. There are many people that think that it simply cannot be achieved and is just a term thrown around to convince people that development is a good thing, whereas others believe that it is proven to work. Sustainable Development can be seen as two completely different concepts, Visvanathan (1991) says thatShow MoreRelatedThe Impact of International Tourism on Global Environmental Change1429 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscussion will be climate change and natural resource depletion as an impact from rapidly growing tourism industry. Environmental Change Environmental change can be defined as changes in the physical and biogeochemical environment, either caused naturally or influenced by human activities (GECAFS 2008). Many impacts in the environmental change come from one of the biggest growing industry in the world, which is International tourism. However, the relation between environmental change and the growthRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects985 Words   |  4 Pagesglobal warming. Because of rapid growth of population, people started industrializing and revolutionizing the way we live. In order to take care of the high demand of the needs of everybody, people started using and burning natural resources and fossil fuels. Overtime, these resources have been becoming even scarcer and some countries have serious pollution issues. Due to this, there are many things in the environment that cause Global Warming as well such as the Greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effectRead MoreThe Destruction Of The Earth s Environment1486 Wor ds   |  6 Pagesenvironment depicted in the novel He, She, and It, the world we know today will be seen as a haven. The environment in the novel as horrible as it may be, is not far from reality. Deterioration of the earth’s environment, population growth, depletion of our resources and world poverty are all issues that point to the future shown in He, She and It. The possibility that we could annihilate ourselves has never been more real. However, our species is one of the most adaptable creatures on Earth, and withRead MoreIs Water A Finite Renewable Natural Resources Vital For Sustainability?771 Words   |  4 Pagesdecrease of pumping ability and increase in costs and losses due to depletion of groundwater. Failure to replenish groundwater will reduce availability to sustain agriculture during the drought, especially more profitable crops like grapes and almonds (Howitt, R., Medellin-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D., Lund, J. Sumner, D., 2014, pp.1-28). Conclusion Water is a finite renewable natural resource vital for sustainability of all living organisms and social and economicRead MoreArticle Analysis : The Earth s Natural Resources 1144 Words   |  5 PagesArticle 1 Summary – Maloney Michelle Maloney argues that the Earth’s natural resources are being depleted at a rate that is not sustainable. Consequently, she argues that the ‘overshoot’ of development and depletion of our natural resources will lead to a ‘collapse’ of our global system. She goes on to demonstrate that this theory is being shown through evidence of global warming, acidification of the oceans and deforestation. Maloney argues a solution to these issues through the adoption ofRead MoreSustainability : The Issue Of Sustainability1096 Words   |  5 Pagespopulation growth, growth in our world’s economy, and huge depletion of our natural resources. During the time of the Industrial Revolution our world population was around nine hundred million people. Since that time there has been an enormous growth in population, which in turn has placed a huge demand on our earth’s natural resources. By the year 2000 the earth’s population was six bill ion and about one hundred twenty percent of the resources were being depleted. The population is still growing tremendouslyRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On Human Population1458 Words   |  6 Pages100 years, the population of the world has gone from about 2 million people to just over 7 million people. With this drastic change in population in such a short period of time compared to the total age of the earth, problems are no doubtable going to arise. From the demand of the ever rising human population on the earth, food accessibility, depletion of natural resources, and an increase in global warming affects all have detrimental consequences on our human population and our own earth that mayRead MoreEssay Population Growth, Industrialization, and the Environment1495 Words   |  6 Pagescontributed to environmental problems, such as natural resource depletion, ecosystem destruction, and global climate change. Also linked with the increasing human population are many so cial problems, such as poverty and disease. These issues need to be addressed by policy makers in the near future in order to ensure the survival and sustainability of human life. One of the major effects of the huge population increase has been the depletion of natural resources and the destruction of ecosystems. In theRead MoreThe Global Warming Of The First Gas Powered Automobile1479 Words   |  6 Pagesemission of carbon dioxide. Cars have acted as a major contribution to global warming, because of the large amounts of carbon dioxide that they have been emitted throughout the years. Along with global warming, come many other issues, such as natural resource depletion and deforestation. Combustion engines/automobiles, although an important innovation that we have become completely dependent upon, is beginning to negatively impact our world. Transportation inventions are in no way the only type ofRead MoreThe Importance Of Protecting The Groundwater?1209 Words   |  5 Pagesmanufacturing products, and in agriculture for plants growth. The quantity of water present in the Earth is enough to cover all of these demands. However, factors like unequal distribution of the hydric resources on the planet, increase of population, economic growth, contamination of water bodies, and climate changes, are contributing for that many places around the world suffer from the shortage of water (Asano, 2004 gw 7). The combination of these factors make increase the necessity of more and more quantities

Friday, May 15, 2020

Susceptibility to Corruption - 1286 Words

Power Corrupts? Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men† ( Martin ). That quote is made famous by Lord Acton, who was a Catholic historian, politician, and writer. Lord Acton was one of the first people to understand the importance of corruption. The men Lord Acton talks about is not just a male, but in fact all of mankind. All human beings are susceptible to corruption, and can fall down that dark past. Those individuals that are corrupted by power however do not start of as evil. (Moreell) Like all corrupt people they begin as honest humans who want to strengthen their country or want to help others. The honest leader begins to receive offers or bribes for things that the wealthy want to manipulate. After a while, the line between right and wrong seem to blur, and it gets harder to distinguish that fine line. That person refuses the bribes at first, but they keep calling his/her name, begging for him/her to take them. Time seems to pass slowly and those bribes begin to take hold over the leaders mind so that it becomes justified and acceptable behavior. That overseer starts to impose restrictive laws on the middle class people and small business. As a result of this restriction, it helps the upper class, and also big business. In turn those once small choices start to make that being corrupt. Eventually that human being loses their morals and creates a corrupt society. If does not matter if those people are man,Show MoreRelatedCorruption of Power in Animal Farm Essay1172 Words   |  5 Pagesperson with the power has certain proclivities towards corruption. There are many examples in the book, â€Å"Animal Farm†, by George Orwell, of power corrupting those in charge because they had these tendencies. In the story, the most powerful animals are the two pigs, Napoleon and, to a lesser degree, Snowball. During the course of the story these pigs used their power to get more power, and in the process their inclinations towards corruption triumphed. When Old Major, the boar who came up with theRead MoreAnalysis Of Oroonoko By Aphra Behn937 Words   |  4 PagesOroonoko; or The Royal Slave, highlights the immorality of European colonization by focusing on how it serves as a means to corrupt the purity of foreign cultures and deliberately disrupts their way of life. There is an undeniable indication of cultural corruption throughout Behn’s work. The title itself, exemplifies the intricacy of Behn’s work, due to her blatant use of binary oppositions, in order to emphasize the conflicting views of both colonizer and slave. Slaves are unlikely to be deemed as royalRead MoreSocial Determinants Of Health Disparities1354 Words   |  6 Pagesdirector of the Bureau of Tuberculosis in California, blamed the prevalence of TB among immigrants on the poor quality and size of their homes, their â€Å"badly balanced† diets, their refusal to defer to public health recommendation s, and their bodies’ susceptibility to the disease.3 Traditionally, due to its highly contagious nature, TB was seen as a social leveler. Only the protection of the poor and vulnerable would ensure that the disease would not spread to those who occupied higher socioeconomic strataRead MoreFascism Defined in the Context of Mussolinis Italy and Nazi Germany1371 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"rampant cronyism and corruption†. Italian fascism saw numerous anti-fascist newspapers suppressed, and/or editors of such papers replaced with fascist supporters. Furthermore, Mussolini saw that his Catholic practices were brought to the masses through ‘legislation’. Mussolini passed laws that made swearing in public a crime, laws that made religious education compulsory, and laws that made the Vatican City an independent state (Italy and the Rise of Mussolini). Additionally, corruption was evident withRead MoreAmerica and Congress Essay762 Words   |  4 Pagescongress. When looking at this from the view of the founding fathers, th e argument could be made that although this affect may not have been foreseen, it serves as another check on the power of an institution that had already shown its susceptibility to corruption. Madison or Hamilton would also argue that the fact that congress comes under attack because of its close connection to the people a good thing because this is the institution that requires the closest watch. Feno also brings up the tendencyRead MoreEssay on Inherit the Wind: Religion vs. Science1107 Words   |  5 Pagesin that shining paradise, heaven, if they agree to the rules of the church, which Drummond suggests are extremely prejudiced and exclusionary. He feels that this sort of blind faith does not yield a positive effect because it is subject to corruption by people. nbsp; The camera angle during Drummonds Golden Dancer speech changes so that the audience sees the profile of the two men. Drummond stands in front of Brady, almost hiding him completely. Brady must stretch his neck out toRead MoreThe National Action Party As A Federal Republic Based On Presidential Democracy1616 Words   |  7 Pagesthe PRI and PRD, ending the run of the PRI. Fox made the government one that was more open and accountable than prior, and made it a point to arrest some leaders of the country’s most violent drug-trafficking groups. Yet, his plans to end poverty, corruption, and crime proved to be indefinable, and the PRI was still shown to be the most powerful party in the Mexican Congress. However, in the presidential election of 2006, the PAN maintained having their candidate, Felipe Calderon, win for the secondRead MoreAn Unstable Backbone Can Obstruct The Re Establishment Of Public Services Essay733 Words   |  3 Pagesduring the same period of time. (Garrett 2010)The reason why healthcare does not equal economic progress or poverty alleviation is because other conditions can still remain existent: lack of cooperative government, lack of absorptive capacity and corruption. Although, health and economy shall not be developed independently, one is not the causality of the other, health shall progress with â€Å"early detection of disease and education in principles of healthy living† (Beaglehole and Bonita 1997, 211) AgenciesRead MoreCredit Union s Reliance On Third Party Service1423 Words   |  6 Pagespotential impact of a cyber-event. FFIEC notes five categories of cyber risks credit unions and their third-party service providers will need to address when updating their BCPs: 1) malware, 2) insider threats, 3) data or systems destruction and corruption, 4) communication infrastructure disruption, 5) and simultaneous attack on financial institutions and technology service providers. Below is a brief description of the five ca tegories and FFIEC’s recommendations: Malware. The use of malware inRead MoreForced Labor and Sex Traficking in Thailand1447 Words   |  6 Pagesof education, and inequality, which serves to accentuate their susceptibility to traffickers. Thus, traffickers take advantage of their vulnerability, by enticing them with promises of employment and better living conditions by coming to Thailand. The Thai government’s efforts to combat these problems have been insufficient. These individuals lack the support or means to mitigate poverty and reduce their vulnerability. The corruption in Thailand’s border control and law enforcement efforts run rampant

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Explain How the Solow Growth Model Would Analyse the...

PART 1 Explain how the Solow growth model would analyse the effects of a fall in the household saving ratio. In this essay, I will focus on two important aspects. The first is to give a brief historical outline of the Solow growth model. The second thread runs express how the outline on the Solow growth model might explain the effect of a fall in the household savings ratio.My essay will be guided by the diagram provided on which I have to make specific references and to think through as well as explain the various steps of the Solow growth model and what this would mean for economic growth. Without dismissing earlier attempts, the foundations upon which modern economic growth theory rests on the foundations put by US†¦show more content†¦In this essay, I will focus myself on two models of cooperation and bargaining. The first model is called realism and its thrust is to say that the international political systems as a whole is anarchic in so far as there is no world government but what exists are multiple competing sovereigns. In terms of cooperation and bargaining between states realism poses real challenges to interdependence and specialisation. The second model is called liberalism and like realism it begins by acknowledging that the system is of course anarchic but it goes a bit further to argue that the interests that states seek to pursue in conditions of anarchy are shaped very much by the nature of the society, domestic, and transnational over which they seek to rule and particularly liberals stress the role of dominant powerful groups within society i n shaping the nature of the national interests and this is clearly illustrated in a story about the development of India`s national interest in chapter 6. The fundamental difference between the two models is that liberalism says it is not just anarchy plus the distribution of power, it`s anarchy, and the distribution of power plus interdependence.The prospects for cooperation between states under conditions of both anarchy and interdependence bring to fore three aspects of the game. The first, the game is positive-sum when states are concerned purely with their absolute gains but the chanceShow MoreRelatedThe Theory Of Economic Growth Model2281 Words   |  10 Pagescountries’ growth records and in standards of living over times that affect living human welfare. Many model mechanisms have been used to study the worldwide growth and income differences across countries. A fundamental model that economist have used to study these issues is the Solow growth model. This essay co ncentrates on the analysis of this model. Firstly, the derivation of the model will be demonstrated including the needed assumptions. Then the impact of a change in the saving rate on outputRead MoreBackground Of Study Of Malaysia10269 Words   |  42 Pageslike other developing countries, the major sector in the early days of independence are agriculture and mining, which requires a lot of labor force. Agriculture and mining is one of the main sectors of attention and give more contribution to economic growth that occurred in the rural areas. Somehow, the fierce competition of globalization has resulted in a change from agriculture and mining to manufacturing and service sectors. Therefore, there is a large population migration from rural to urban areasRead MoreImpact of Foreign Aid on Poverty and Economic Development in Nigeria16050 Words   |  65 PagesINTRODUCTION This project focuses on the poverty profile in Nigeria, the foreign aids given to the nation to help alleviate poverty and how it affects the economic development of Nigeria. According to the World Bank website, â€Å"poverty is hunger. It is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. It is not being able to go to school, not knowing how to read, and not being able to speak properly. Poverty is not having a job, and is fear for the future, and living one day at a timeRead MoreInstitution as the Fundamental Cause of Long Tern Growth39832 Words   |  160 PagesNBER WORKING PAPER SERIES INSTITUTIONS AS THE FUNDAMENTAL CAUSE OF LONG-RUN GROWTH Daron Acemoglu Simon Johnson James Robinson Working Paper 10481 http://www.nber.org/papers/w10481 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 May 2004 Prepared for the Handbook of Economic Growth edited by Philippe Aghion and Steve Durlauf. We thank the editors for their patience and Leopoldo Fergusson, Pablo Querubà ­n and Barry Weingast for their helpful suggestions. TheRead MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words   |  860 Pagesand Working in Korea 177 Ji nan Broadcasting Corporation 196 4 PROJECT MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES 205 Quasar Communications, Inc. 207 Jones and Shephard Accountants, Inc. 212 Fargo Foods 216 Government Project Management 220 Falls Engineering 222 White Manufacturing 227 Martig Construction Company 229 Mohawk National Bank 231 5 NEGOTIATING FOR RESOURCES 235 Ducor Chemical 237 American Electronics International The Carlson Project 245 241 Contents vii 247

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Comm 360 Essay Example For Students

Comm 360 Essay John SmithNovember 2, 1998Political Persuasion in the 1997 State of the Union AddressEvery year the President of the United States of America addresses the Union on what has been done in the past year and what is in store for the next. This is what we know as The State of the Union Address. On February 4, 1997, President Bill Clinton delivered a powerful speech in front of a mostly Republican Congress trying to persuade them to become more of a bipartisan chamber. He also tried to persuade the people of this land that what he has done, and will do are for the good of the people. Clinton uses two specific devices. When President Clinton approached the podium to deliver his speech to congress and the American people, he took into consideration how congress and the people would view him after he delivered the biggest speech of the year. He never tried to impress, rather, he tried to persuade the audience. He went about this by using symbolic expression. Symbolism has the power to affect others and us both mentally and physically, as described in Charles U. Larsons, Persuasion: Reception and Responsibility. An example of this in the Presidents speech is when he says, we must be shapers of events, not observers. What Mr. Clinton meant by this is that people of their communities must not stand around and take orders but to be leaders and take command. Citizens must run this country by not letting anything pass us by. Another example of symbolic expression is when the President says, they (the people) put us all right here in the same boat, they gave us all oars, and they told us to row. What the Pr esident is illustrates here is that the people did their part and voted for the politicians, now they, the elected officials, must do their part to make a good thing the best. A final example of symbolic expression is when President Clinton says, as the Internet becomes our new town square What he is getting at here is that the Internet is quickly becoming the center of attention because it is easy to access information as well as talk to anyone with the touch of a computer mouse. Clinton also uses Vance Packards eight hidden needs. They are, the need for emotional security, the need for reassurance of worth, the need for ego gratification, the need for creative outlets, the need for love objects, the need for a sense of power, the need for roots, and the need for immortality. Vance Packard, the author of, The Hidden Persuaders, developed eight hidden needs used in selling products. Not only are they used for advertisment, but it is a good tool for persuasion. President Clinton uses seven of the eight hidden needs in his speech. The one not used is the need for love objects. The need for creative outlets and the need for roots are the two least used in 1997s State of the Union Address. In fact, they are only used one time each. An example of the need for creative outlets is when the President mentions, Citizen service is an American responsibility which all Americans should embrace The need for creative outlets is described as mass production, part of a production cycle, in the Larson text. As citizens of the United States, we are a part of one big company and should do things together to get everything accomplished. The need for roots has essentialy the same meaning. Its a brand of loyalty. When Clinton mentions that we need to take action on various subjects like the economy and the enviornment and to build a more perfect union, he is asking citizens to be loyal to out country. .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .postImageUrl , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:hover , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:visited , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:active { border:0!important; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:active , .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104 .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud6b5c2df7ef5ca3c5c07df5223b50104:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Breast Cancer EssayThe need for immortality is also demonstrated in the speech when Clinton says, a celebration of our common culturecan remain the worlds beacon not only of liberty, but of creativity, long after the fireworks have faded. Because the United States is the immortal power of the universe and no one can make it crumble. The need for a sense of power was demonstrated numerous times throughout the speech. When Clinton mentioned the fact that bipartisan foreign policy was the strength throughout the Cold War and when he asked congress to do the same with education, there was a sense of power and influence there. As Larson mentions in his text, the bigger the engi ne, the better. Another example is when Clinton says, Weve worked hard to tear down trade barriers abroad so that we can create good jobs at home, he expressed that when we can agree to work together with other countries, for example, on trade, we are a powerful and unstoppable machine. The second most used hidden need is the need for emotional security. When President Clinton mentioned that we must maintain a strong and ready military, which alone is a sense of security. Also, by saying, this plan will balance the budget and invest in our people while protecting Medicare, Medicaid, education, and the enviornment. Clinton exemplifies a sense of security. The hidden need that was most widely used in the State of the Union Address is the need for reassurance of worth. From beginning to end, President Clinton makes the audience feel valued for what they do and for who they are. When Clinton mentions long-term health, Social Security, and Medicare for the long run, it makes people feel worthy of living in such a great land with a great government. Not only does Clinton make the native born citizens feel worthy, but he also makes the immigrants feel the same way. He did this by saying, to restore basic health and disability benefits when misfortune strikes immigrants who came to this country legally, who work hard, pay taxes and obey the law. To do otherwise is simply unworthy of a great nation of immigrants.Finally, Clinton uses the need for ego gratification to perfection. As Larson says in the text, people need their egos stroked to make them feel as if they were really special. The President is a very important person, but he is in fact human. A perfect example of ego gratification in the speech is when he says, but I really believe one of the reasons the American people gave me a second term was to take the tough decisions in the next four years that will carry our country through the next 50 years. A second example is when he says, Now we must keep our econom y the strongest in the world.The 1997 State of the Union Address was one of the most powerful speeches delivered in recent times. President Bill Clinton used two specific devices to try and persuade a Republican majority in congress and the rest of the citizens in the United States that what he has done the past year and what he will do in the next is good for the American democracy. First, the President used symbolic expression by telling the people that they must be leaders and not followers. President Clinton also used Vance Packards eight hidden needs. Although Clinton is highly persuasive, it is yet to be seen whether the American people will continiue to respect his presidency.

Monday, April 13, 2020

The Enlightenment Essays (265 words) - Religion, Secularism

The Enlightenment The Enlightenment The Enlightenment was a movement of thinkers who believed that science could explain everything in nature. Until then, most peoplebelieved that god controlled the universe in a metaphysical manner. Metaphysical means beyond physical, and suggests that it is impossible for humans to comprehend things that happen in our environment. Galileo was one of the first thinkers of the Enlightenment. Galileo used a powerful telescope to discover that many moons surrounded Jupiter. He used his discoveries to prove the Copernicus' theory that the earth traveled around the sun. The church was opposed to Galileo's discovery. Galileo was imprisoned for heresy and printers were forbidden to print and of Galileo's writings. His students continued to discuss his teachings and in time, the ideas of using observations and measurement were to become the root of modern science. The thinkers of the Enlightenment encouraged people to use science to explore nature and to question what they had always accepted without questioning. The Enlightenment encouraged people to participate in government and to rethink old ideas like feudalism and primogeniture. The American Revolution was seen by many as a huge achievement for the Enlightenment. Two hundred years ago, our Constitution provided for a government where nobody was above the law. People had freedoms of speech and religion, and the press would be allowed to print any true statement. The Enlightenment also had a negative aspect. Many of the thinkers were atheists, who did not believe in god. They often attacked religion and the faithful. Many were also bloodthirsty in attempting to reach their goals. The French Revolution and the Reign of Terror were two episodes of history that ended the period known as the Enlightenment. History

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Social Forces, States and World Orders Beyond International Relations Theory by Robert Cox

Social Forces, States and World Orders Beyond International Relations Theory by Robert Cox In his article, Robert Cox (1981) discusses the factors the shape the main peculiarities of international relations. Much attention should be paid to his assumption according to which the world order is shaped by social forces and institutions within countries.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on â€Å"Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory† by Robert Cox specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this particular context, the term world order can be depicted as a set of rules and principles that govern the interactions between the main actors of international politics (Cox 1981, p. 152). It seems that this argument is important for understanding the main trends in the global politics. These ideas should be discussed in greater detail. Overall, the scholar notes that the distinctions between the state and civic societies may not be relevant if one speaks about the foreign policy of a country. Traditionally, political scientists regard international relations as the expression of state interests and priorities such as the need to minimize or eliminate external threats (Cox 1981, p. 126). Nevertheless, the author believes that this separation of civic society and the state is not permissible. The writer provides various examples that can illustrate his argument; in particular, he discusses the system of international relations that emerged in the nineteenth century. It is now known as Pax Britannica. To some degree, it was the expression of values which were advocated by the middle class (Cox 1981, p. 141). Apart from that, much attention should be paid to the increasing of role of manufacturing capitalism in the nineteenth century (Cox 1981, p. 141). The author offers a model according to which social forces, forms of state, and existing world order are closely intertwined (Cox, 1981, p. 138). One should keep in mind that the author introduces the idea of transn ational social forces that manifest themselves in various regions of the world. To some degree, this premise can be accepted because social groups in different countries may have similar interests; moreover, they can set the norms governing international relations. It should be noted that this approach can be useful for understanding the way in which social forces and institutions affect international relations. Nevertheless, this approach may not be suitable for explaining the conflicting nature of international politics. For instance, the government can enter into alliances with countries in which different classes or institutions can play the dominant role.Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, one should not overlook the role of conflicts within the civic society. These are some of the factors that Robert Cox does not consider. Moreover, his interpr etation minimizes the role that separate policy-maker can play. The decisions of these people can be affected by such factors as prejudice, ambition, or lack of relevant knowledge. Nevertheless, their actions can profoundly affect international relations. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account. On the whole, Robert Cox’s article can give readers useful tools for understanding the development of international relations. The author lays stress on the necessity to analyze the internal factors within the state, because they are often reflected in the foreign policies of a country. In particular, social forces can shape the norms and institutions that govern the interactions between states. In the author’s view, both civic society and state form international policies. However, the scholar does not examine the possibility of conflicts within a civic society. Moreover, his model cannot account for individual decisions taken by policy-makers. These are th e main aspects that can be singled out. Reference Cox, R 1981, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millennium Journal of International Studies, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 126-155.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Discuss the theme of appearance and reality in Macbeth Essay

Discuss the theme of appearance and reality in Macbeth - Essay Example He is one who King Duncan trusts, and he has the favor of all his countrymen, but he betrays this trust and, for a while, everyone is deceived into believing that he mourns the death of Duncan as he seems to, that he killed the two guards out of his love for Duncan, and that will be a good ruler because he will think of the interests of the people, and not himself. The Thane of Cawdor was also a man who Duncan trusted, as he says in Act 1, Scene 4, â€Å"He was a gentleman on whom I built/An absolute trust†, but he, too, betrays that trust. Lady Macbeth is not suspected for her part in Duncan’s death, till she starts walking and talking in her sleeps, and ironically, Macduff wants to save her from hearing about it (2.3.85-88). Macduff himself is not trusted by his wife and Malcolm, because both believe him to be a traitor to the country, whereas, he is one who is willing to sacrifice all for his country, and it is he who later kills Macbeth. The sons who are suspected o f killing their fathers (Malcolm and Donalbain, and Fleance) also show how seeming truths are not always true. Images presented through language also play an important role in presenting the theme of appearances and reality. Numerous images conveying the idea of concealment occur in the speech of almost all the characters. Sometimes the concealment is in the form of clothes, where clothes supposedly hide what a person truly is. Thus Macbeth chides Ross for â€Å"dress[ing]† him â€Å"[i]n borrowed robes† (1.3.108-109) when Ross calls him the Thane of Cawdor. This is because he does not know that the Thane of Cawdor that was, no longer owns the title. Similarly, Macbeth talks of â€Å"put[ting] on manly readiness† (2.3.135), when the people are not really ready at all. Other forms of disguise also occur, such as masks: Macbeth tells the murderers he has hired, that he is â€Å"Masking the business from the common eye/For sundry weighty reasons† (3.1.125-126). Later, he